(Stuttgart, W. Kohlhammer, 1954). 8vo. Stapled with paper backstrip. Recto of f.1 with stamp: "Sonderdruck aus Archiv für Philosophie Band "5" (in hand-writing) Heft "2" (in handwriting)" and with a four-line presentation-inscription from the author, signed "Theodor Adorno" and dated "Frankfurth, Sept. 1954." Pp. 130-169.
First edition, off-print, presentation-copy, of Adorno's "Critique of the Logical Absolutism", constituting his foundational critique of Husserls' theory of logical validity and its assistance on the absolute separartion between logical validity and subjective thought process, for which Adorno introduced the them "logical absolutism". The present critique of Husserl's logical absolutism profoundly influenced 20th century continental philosophy.
The important and influential German philosopher and sociologist, Theodor Ludwig Wiesengrund Adorno (1903 - 1969), was a leading member of the Frankfurt School, together with e.g. Horkheimer, Benjamin, and Habermas. He taught philosophy at the university of Frankfurt, but as a Jew, his teaching position was taken from him in 1933. He went to Oxford to teach, and in 1938 he emigrated to America, where he was the leader of several sociological projects in both New York and Los Angeles. Together with Horkheimer he wrote the theoretical manifest of the Frankfurt School, the "Dialektik der Aufklärung". In 1949 he returned to Frankfurt, where he became professor of philosophy and sociology.
"Theodor W. Adorno was one of the most important philosophers and social critics in Germany after World War II. Although less well known among anglophone philosophers than his contemporary Hans-Georg Gadamer, Adorno had even greater influence on scholars and intellectuals in postwar Germany. In the 1960s he was the most prominent challenger to both Sir Karl Popper's philosophy of science and Martin Heidegger's philosophy of existence. Jürgen Habermas, Germany's foremost social philosopher after 1970, was Adorno's student and assistant. The scope of Adorno's influence stems from the interdisciplinary character of his research and of the Frankfurt School to which he belonged. It also stems from the thoroughness with which he examined Western philosophical traditions, especially from Kant onward, and the radicalness to his critique of contemporary Western society. He was a seminal social philosopher and a leading member of the first generation of Critical Theory." (SEP).