BROOM, R.

A New Fossil Anthropoid Skull from South Africa.

London, Macmillan & Co., 1936. Royal8vo. Bound in contemporary half calf with two black leather title label to spine with gilt lettering. Five raised bands. In "Nature", Vol. 138, July - December, 1936. Library stamp of Christ Church College, Oxford on first page of index with their bookplate on front free endpaper and that of Dr Lee's Laboratory, Christ Church, on front paste-down. Minor wear to extremities, otherwise a very fine and clean copy. Pp. 486-8. [Entire volume: LXIV, 1112, III, VI pp.].


First printing of the discovery of the second australopithecine fossil.
"Eleven years after Raymond Dart's discovery of Australopithecus africanus, Robert Broom, who was working at the Transvaal Museum in Pretoria, resolved to look for an adult skull of this species. His search took him to some fossiliferous eaves at Sterkfontein in Central Transvaal, 40 miles from Johannesburg, where he found several fossil fragments that fitted together to form part of an adult skull. This he named Plestanthropus transvaalensis. During the next few years many other skull fragments, isolated teeth and parts of limb bones were found at this place and attributed to the Sterkfontein man. In 1938 Dr. Broom heard of a schoolboy from Kromdraai, two miles east of Sterkfortein, who had found some fossil bones and teeth at a weathered outcrop of fossil-bearing limestone. He located the youth and obtained some fragments of a palate bone, much of the left side of the face and the right side of the lower jaw with most of the teeth. On the basis of these bones, a new type was christened Paranthropus robustus. Collectively, these three have been known as the Australpithecines." (Fetzer, Recent South Affrican Fossil Finds)

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